One of the most attractive things in Indian specifically Gujarati
embroidery is incorporating the shisha or the mirror. The art is
supposed to have its origin in Persia somewhere aroind 13th century. The
mirror work is used along with the other stitches to enhance the general
effect of the pattern.
It is used by the Jats of Banni. They cut the glass into different
shapes and embroider it in the fabric. Incredibly miniscule mirror
embroidery was done on heavily encrusted yoke with white thread, mingled
with red, orange, blue and green, by the Garari Jat community. In Kathi
embroidery the mirrors are used for eyes of birds and center of flowers.
Often combination of cross stitch, satin stitch and buttonhole stitch,
along with mirrors Though very common in gujarat , mirror work is done
in other regions as well. It is don in Rajasthan with the same fervor.
It is used to accentuate the appearance of Orissa applique.
It is said that earlier mica was used instead of mirror. Later
ornamental mirror shapes were cut out of an urn, blown out by a mouth
pipe. Now mirror sheets are produced.